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Personality Disorders

What is personality disorder?

If you are suffering from a personality disorder you are likely to differ significantly from an average person in terms of how you think, feel or relate to other people. Personality disorders typically emerge in adolescence and continue into adulthood. There are different types of personality disorder that present with different sets of symptoms. The different types of personality disorder have been grouped into three clusters, cluster A, B and C. Some of the common symptoms are listed below:

Cluster A

  • Difficulty relating to others, often there is a lack of wish to form relationships
  • Odd and eccentric behaviours

The types of personality disorder that fall under cluster A are paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal.

Cluster B

  • Difficulty relating to others but often there is a wish to form close relationships
  • Dramatic, emotional and unpredictable behaviours

The types of personality disorder that fall under cluster B are borderline, antisocial, histrionic and narcissistic.

Cluster C

  • Difficulty relating to others, often there is a wish to form close relationships
  • Anxious and fearful thinking and behaviour

The types of personality disorder that fall under cluster C are avoidant, dependent and obsessive-compulsive (the latter being a different diagnosis to obsessive-compulsive disorder).

Treatment for personality disorders

Treatment for personality disorders is mainly in the form of psychological therapy. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) and mentalisation-based treatment (MBT) have been shown to be effective for the treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Schema therapy (ST) and cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) have a wider applicability and can be effective approaches for the treatment of a range of different types of personality disorder.

The psychologists at The Chelsea Psychology Clinic are highly experienced in the treatment of personality disorders. Our Consultant Psychiatrist is also a specialist in this area and can offer medication reviews as and when appropriate.